Barry Newman's Blog

February 1, 2012

Baptising in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit (part IV)

Filed under: Baptism — barrynewman @ 9:50 pm

“Immersed” in – with reference to “in”(continued)

“Immersed” in – with reference to “en”

In the New Testament the preposition “en” is found in conjunction with “baptizo” 14 times (Matthew 3: 6, 11 (2x); Mark 1: 5, 8; Luke 3: 16; John 1: 26, 31, 33 (2x); 3: 23; Acts 1: 5; 10: 48; 11: 16), the preposition “epi” in conjunction with “baptizo” once (Acts 2: 38) and the preposition “eis” in conjunction with “baptizo” 11 times (Matthew 28: 19; Acts 8: 16; 19: 3, 5; Romans 6: 3 (2x); 1 Corinthians 1: 13, 15; 10: 2; 12: 13; Galatians 3: 27.  See Table 2. The simple dative “hudati” (with or in water) is used four times (Mark 1: 8; Luke 3: 16; Acts 1: 5; 11: 16).

en

epi

eis

14

1

11

 Table 2

The frequency of occurrence of the three prepositions, “en”, “epi” and “eis” in association with “baptizo” in the New Testament.

Perhaps it should be noted that “en” is used six times when the object is the “Holy Spirit, four times when the object is water, three when a locality is in mind and once when the reference is to “in the name of …” (Acts 10: 48).  See Table 3.

Object of the Preposition “en

Frequency of Occurrence

Textual References

The Holy Spirit

six

Matthew 3: 11; Mark 1: 8; Luke 3: 16; John 1: 33; Acts1:  5; 11: 16

Water

four

Matthew 3: 11; John 1: 26, 31, 33

A locality

three

Matthew 3: 6 (river Jordan); Mark 1: 5 (river Jordan); John 3: 23 (Aenon)

The name of …

one

Acts 10: 48

 Table 3

The objects governed by “en”, in the New Testament, when in association with “baptizo”, their frequency of occurrence and where the references are located.

On the other hand, “eis” is used five times when the object is “the name of …”, three times when the object is a person named, once when it is “what” (in a question being asked), once when the object is “his (Jesus’) death and once when it is “one body”.  See Table 4.

Object of the Preposition “eis”

Frequency of Occurrence

Textual References

The name of …

five

Matthew 28: 19; Acts 8: 16, 19: 5;             1 Corinthians 1: 13, 15

A person named

three

Romans 6: 3 (Christ Jesus); 1 Corinthians 10: 2 (Moses); Galatians 3: 27 (Christ)
What (in a question being asked)

one

Acts 19: 3

His (Jesus’) death

one

Romans 6: 3

One body

one

1 Corinthians 12: 13

 Table 4

The objects governed by “eis”, in the New Testament, when in association with “baptizo”, their frequency of occurrence and where the references are located.

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