Barry Newman's Blog

December 6, 2012

The Parable of the Tenants (part I)

Filed under: Parables of Jesus,The Parable of the Tenants — barrynewman @ 10:20 pm
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The Parable of the Tenants

Like the parable of the Mustard Seed and the Parable of the Sower, this parable that Jesus told can be found in all three Synoptic Gospels, Matthew, Mark and Luke.  For ease of comparison, the three accounts together with connected subject matter are given below in three columns.

     Matthew 21: 33 – 46Hear another parable.“There was a man, a householder who planted a vineyard and placed a fence around it and dug in it a wine press and built a tower and let it out to tenant-farmers and went abroad.And when the time for the fruits drew near he sent his servants to receive his fruit. And the tenant-farmers took his servants: they beat one, another they killed and another they stoned. Again he sent other servants, more than the first and they treated them similarly.

And in the end he sent his son to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’

But the tenant-farmers, seeing theson, said to themselves, ‘This is the heir; come let us kill him and possess his inheritance.’

And they took him, cast him out of the vineyard and killed him.”

When therefore the master of the vineyard will come what will he do to those tenant-farmers?

They said to him, “He will bring a miserable death upon those evil men and let out the vineyard to other tenant-farmers who will give him the fruits in their seasons.”

Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the scriptures:

‘The stone, which the builders rejected, this has become the head of the corner;

this was from the Lord and it is wonderful in our eyes’?

On account of this I tell you, that the kingdom of God shall be taken away from you and given to a nation producing the fruits thereof.

And he who falls on this stone shall be broken; but on whomever it falls it will crush him.’”

When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables they knew that he was speaking about them. But when they tried to arrest him they feared the crowds because they regarded him as a prophet.

           Mark 12: 1 -12And he began to speak to them in parables,“A man planted a vineyard and placed a fence around it, and dug a wine press pit and built a tower and let it out to tenant-farmers and went abroad.And at the time he sent a servant to the tenant-farmers in order to obtain from the tenant-farmers the fruit of the vineyard.  But they took him, beat him and sent him away empty. And again he sent to them another servant and they struck him on the head and shamefully treated him. And he sent another to them and they killed him: also many others, some they beat, some they killed.Yet he had one other, a beloved son. Finally he sent him to them, saying ‘They will respect my son.’

But those tenant-farmers said to themselves, ‘This is the heir; come, let us kill him and the inheritance will be ours.’

And they took him, killed him and cast him out of the vineyard.”

What therefore will the master of the vineyard do?

He will come and destroy the tenant-farmers and give the vineyard to others.

Have you not read this scripture:

‘The stone, which the builders rejected, this has become the head of the corner;

this was from the Lord and it is wonderful in our eyes’?

And they tried to arrest him but they feared the crowd because they knew he had told this parable against them. And leaving him they went away.

            Luke 20: 9 -19And he began to speak to the people this parable.“A certain man planted a vineyard and let it out to tenant-farmers and went abroad for a long time.And in time he sent a servant tothe tenant-farmers in order for them to give to him the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenant-farmers beat him and sent him away empty. And he proceeded to send another servant but they also beat him, shamefully treated him and sent him away empty. And he proceeded to send a third. They also wounded him and threw him out.And the master of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. Perhaps they will respect him.’

But having seen him, the tenant-farmers reasoned among one another and said, ‘This is the heir.  Let us kill him so that the inheritance may become ours.’

And they cast him out of the vineyard and killed him.”

What therefore will the master of the vineyard do to them?

He will come and destroy these tenant-farmers and give the vineyard to others.”

And when they heard (it) they said, “May it not be.”

But he looked at them and said, “What then is that which is written:

‘The stone, which the builders rejected, this has become the head of the corner’?

Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls it will crush him.’”

The scribes and the chief priests tried to lay hands on him at that time but they feared the people for they knew he had told this parable against them.

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